. ( )

2000 . . - , . : , , . XIX - , , . . , . , . , . : .

The three centuries of Russian portraiture make the time of becoming and development, growth and highest achievements. It is the history of Russia through personalities, for Russian portraiture imprinted rulers, top officials, men of culture, and captivating female images. XIX century provided us with unique in their realism portraits of common people - peasants, merchants, etc. In the early XX century, even Western innovations in the genre of portrait transformed, unlike the originals, into softened yet specifically Russian works against the background of Russian traditional realistic portrait, highlighted in works by I. Repin, V. Serov, and M. Nesterov. And one should also remember another thing: in Russian portraiture it was moral essence of a painter to form the basis of his success.


INTRODUCTION 8
FROM ICON LIKENESS TO PORTRAIT 10
EMERGENCE OF CIVIL LIKENESS 16
XVIII
PORTRAIT IN THE SECOND HALF OF XVIII CENTURY 66
DMITRY LEVITSKY 86
VLADIMIR BOROVIKOVSKY 86
FOREIGN ARTISTS IN RUSSIA 108
OREST KIPRENSKIY 152
VASILIY TROPININ 170
XIX
PORTRAIT IN THE BEGINNING OF XIX CENTURY 190
KARL BRULLOV 258
XIX
PORTRAIT IN THE MIDDLE OF XIX CENTURY 282
SERGEY ZARYANKO AND IVAN MAKAROV 326
WATERCOLOUR PORTRAIT 344
PORTRAITS BY UNKNOWN ARTISTS 366
VASILIY PEROV 392
IVAN KRAMSKOY 398
KONSTANTIN MAKOVSKIY 416
ILYA REPIN 432
XIX
PORTRAITURE IN THE SECOND HALF OF XIX CENTURY 454
VALENTIN SEROV AND KONSTANTIN KOROVIN 544
PORTRAIT IN THE BEGINNING OF XX CENTURY 564
BORIS KUSTODIEV 646
NEW STYLES 662
MIKHAIL NESTEROV AND PAVEL KORIN 674
SOVIET PORTRAITURE 690
ILYA GLAZUNOV 766
PORTRAIT IN MODERN PAINTING 776
SELF-PORTRAIT 810
INDEX 858

- . , , , , XVIII . , , , - . XIX .. , , - XVIII , " " . , , XVIII . XIX , . , , . . , , , . (, , ) , , , , ... XXI , , - . .

Introduction

Russian portrait is the most interesting phenomenon in the history of Russian art. Not only because it was rather portrait than Russian landscape or everyday life scene or historical piece to start the becoming of Russian civil painting in the XVIII century but also due to the fact that after the first brief acquaintance of Russian talents with works by European masters it took Russian portrature only half a century to match the European one. The XIX century was to come with the phenomenon of genius A.S. Pushkin, with emergence of the modern Russian language, with rise of literature and fine arts while the XVIII century provided the base for what can be called "The Age of Portrait" in Russian painting. It is natural to suppose that such a thing could happen only on the Russian soil with its centuries-long tradition of icon painting developed by the XVIII century an independent style of icon likeness as a transitional form from icon painting to civil portraiture. During the long XIX century Russian portrait could prove its high level, reaching its peak in the works by some artists. The last decades of the century again make us turn to the remarkable achievements of Russian portraiture when Russian masters penetrated into the inner world of man, his spiritual and moral qualities. At all times art has been a harmonic reflecton of the state of a society. World art of the XX century was rather adequate to the development of the civilization with its good and evil, its tension, blind shifts from one extrime to another, unprecedented rise of scientific mind and technical achievements. Therefore Russian fine arts of the XX century (and, perhaps, Russian portraiture first of all) is Russia of the XX century itself with its intricate destiny, rises and falls, findings and losses... That is why let us press forward into the XXI century with faith, hope, and love for Russian portraiture has to be like we. And in cannot be anything other.

(ADOLSKIY, ADOLSKIJ), (. 1725) - () 21
(AIVAZOVSKIY, AJWASOWSKIJ), (1817-1900) - () 1331-1336, 2579
(ALEKSANDROV, ALEXANDROW), (1810 - 1845) - 624
(ALEXANDROVSKIY, ALEXANDROWSKIJ), (1842-1906) - 1566, 1570
() (ALEKSEYEV , ALEXEJEW ), (1813?-1880) - 611-614, 2573, 2574, 2577
(ALTMAN, ALTMAN), (1889-1970) - 2039, 2043, 2666, 2667
(ANDRONOV, ANDRONOW), (1929-1998) - 2333
(ANNENKOV, ANNENKOW), (1889-1974) - 2044, 2045
H (ANTONOV, ANTONOW), (1904-1994) - 2165
(ANTONELLI, ANTONELLI), (1791-1842) - 629
(ANTROPOV, ANTROPOW), (1716-1795) - 42, 45-57
(ARAPOV, ARAPOW), (1876-1949) - 2037
(ARGUNOV, ARGUNOW), (1727 1729 - 1802) - 58-74, 2532
(ARGUNOV, ARGUNOW), (1771 - 1829) - 146-152, 154, 156-158, 2536
(ARGUNOV, ARGUNOW), (1784 - 1830) - 153, 155
(ARKHIPOV, ARCHIPOW), (1862-1930) - 1764-1773
(AFONINA, AFONINA), (. 1965) - 2502, 2503, 2505-2514
(BAZHENOV, BASHENOW), (? - 1861) - 595, 597
(BAKMANSON, BAKMANSON), (1860-1953) - 1795
(BAKST, BAKST), (1866-1924) - 1687, 1694, 1696-1701, 2628, 2630
- (BARANOV-ROSSINE, BARANOW-ROSSINE), (1888-1942) - 2046
(BARISIEN, BARISIEN), (1724-1796, XVIII .) - 305
(BASSIN, BASSIN), (1793-1877) - 503, 630-636, 641
(BASHKIRTSEVA, BASCHKIRZEWA), (1860-1884) - 1518-1520, 2599
(BEZPERCHIY, BESPERTSCHIJ), (1825-1913) - 2565
(BELLOLI, BELLOLI), (1820-1881) - 1535, 1538
(BELOUSOV, BELOUSSOW), (. 1912) - 2244
(BELYUKIN, BELJUKIN), (. 1962) - 2449-2453, 2456
(BENUA, BENUA), (1870-1960) - 2627
(BEREZIN, BERESIN), . ( XVIII .) - 40, 41
(BERSHADSKIY, WERSCHADSKIJ), (1869-1956) - 2155
(BINEMANN, WINEMANN), (1795-1842) - 621
(BIRGER, BIRGER), (. 1923) - 2382, 2383
(BOBROV, BOBROW), (1842-1918) - 1450, 1451, 1453-1455, 2588
(BOBROVSKIY, BOBROWSKIJ), (1873-1942) - 1796, 1805
O (BOBYSHOV, BOBYSCHOW), (1885-1964) - 1720, 1723
(BOGATSKIY, BOGAZKIJ), ( XIX .) - 1337, 1341
- (BOGDANOV-BELSKIY, BOGDANOW-BELSKIJ), (1868-1945) - 1774-1786, 2617
(BOGORODSKIY, BOGORODSKIJ), (1895-1959) - 2147-2152, 2697
(BODAREVSKIY, BODAREWSKIJ), (1850-1921) - 1540-1544
(BAUDRY, BODRI), (1812-1894) - 839
(BOZHIY, BOSHIJ), (. 1911) - 2246
(BOLOTOV, BOLOTOW), (1837 - 1900) - 2585
- (BORISOV-MUSATOV, BORISSOW-MUSSATOW), (1870-1905) - 2029-2031, 2624
(BOROVIKOVSKY, BOROWIKOWSKIJ), (1757-1825) - 220-282
- (BOROZDINA-STROMILINA, BOROSDNA-STROMILINA), (1813-1894) - 818
(BORTNEVSKIY, BORTNEWSKIJ), (1828 - ?) - 1346
(BOTKIN, BOTKIN), (1839-1914) - 1529, 1531, 1534
(BOTKIN, BOTKIN), (1861-1905) - 1951
(BOTMAN, BOTMAN), (? - 1891) - 864, 865, 868, 869
(BRAGOVSKIY, BRAGOWSKI), (. 1923) - 2338
(BRAS, BRAS), (1873-1936) - 1852-1864
(BRODSKY, BRODSKI), (1883-1939) - 1747-1751, 2130-2134
(BRONNIKOV, BRONNIKOW), (1827-1902) - 1309-1312, 1314, 2596
(BRUNI, BRUNI), (1856-1935) - 1626
(BRUNI, BRUNI), (1799-1875) - 625, 626, 2549, 2559
(BRUSILOV, BRUSSILOW), (. 1978) - 2445
(BRULLOV, BRJULLOW), (1798-1877) - 956-965
(BRULLOV, BRJULLOW), (1799-1852) - 718-774, 951-955, 2543, 2548
(BRULLOV, BRJULLOW), (1840-1914) - 1490, 1493, 2605
(BRYANSKIY, BRJANSKIJ), (1830-1908) - 1530, 1532, 1533
- (BUGAYEVSKIY-BLAGODARNYI, BUGAJEWSKIJ-
BLAGODARNYJ), (1773-1859) - 511, 514
(BUDKIN, BUDKIN), (1806/1807? - 1850) - 638, 642, 643
(BUKOVETSKIY, BUKOWEZKIJ), (1866-1948) - 2641
(BURLYUK, BURLJUK), (1882-1967) - 2042
(BUROV, BUROW), (1843-1895) - 1624
(BUCHHOLZ, BUCHHOLZ), (1735-1780/1781?, 1760- 1770-) - 301, 302
(BUCHKURI, BUTSCHKURI), (1870-1942) - 1965, 1966
(VARNEK, WARNEK), (1782-1843) - 516-534, 2542, 2544-2546
(VASILEVSKIY, WASSILEWSKIJ), . (XVIII .) - 129
(VASILIEV, WASSILJEW), (1811-1879) - 692-696
(VASILIEV, WASSILJEW), (XVIII .) - 130
(VASILIEV, WASSILJEW), (1784 - 1839) - 584
(VASNETSOV, WASNETZOW), (1848-1926) - 1552-1564, 2608
(VATENIN, WATENIN), (1933-1977) - 2363, 2716
(VAKHRAMEYEV, WACHRAMEJEW), (1874-1926) - 1908-1910
(WEDEKIND, WEDEKIND), (1674-1736, 1720- 1730-) - 286-288
(VEDENETSKIY, WEDENEZKIJ), .. (1791? - ?) - 605, 606
(VELLY, BELLI), ( 1790-1809, . 1730-1809) - 306
(VENETSIANOV, WENETZIANOW), (1780-1847) - 535-558, 2547
(VENIG, WENIG), (1830-1908) - 1420
(VERESHCHAGIN, WERESCHTSCHAGIN), (1835-1909) - 1458, 1459, 1461, 1462, 1465
(VESCHILOV, WESCHTSCHILOW), (1877 - 1937/1959) - 1834
- (VIGEE-LEBRUN, VIGEE-LEBRUN), (1755-1842, 1795 1801) - 340, 341, 344, 345
(VILLEVALDE, WILLEWALDE), () (1818-1903) - 863, 2569
(WILLIAMS, WILJAMS), (1902-1947) - 2230-2232
(VINOGRADOV, WINOGRADOW), (1869-1938) - 1842-1851
(WINTERHALTER, WINTERHALTER), (1805-1873) - 402, 403
(WITBERG, WITBERG), (1787-1855) - 660
(VISHNYAK, WISCHNJAK), (. 1960) - 2465, 2466, 2468
(VISHNYAKOV, WISCHNJAKOW), (1699-1761) - 33-39
(VLADIMIROVA, WLADIMIROWA), (. 1973) - 2447
(VOLKOV, WOLKOW), (1827-1873) - 2600
(VOLKOV, WOLKOW), (. 1970) - 2516
(VOLKOV, WOLKOW), (1844-1920) - 1408, 1409, 1411
(VOLOSKOV, WOLOSKOW), (1822-1882) - 591
(VOROBINSKIY, WOROBINSKIJ), (1809 - ?) - 580
(VRUBEL, WRUBEL), (1856-1910) - 1688-1693
(VOILLE, VOILLE), (1744 - 1803, 1770 1793 1801 1803) - 342, 343, 346
(VYCHUGZHANIN, WYTSCHUGSHANIN), (. 1929) - 2356
(GAVRILOV, GAWRILOW), (1923-1970) - 2358
(GAGARIN, GAGARIN), (1810-1893) - 825, 828, 996, 998, 999, 2572
(GAGEN, HAGEN), (1810- - 1876) - 628
- (HAGEN-SCHWARZ, HAGEN-SCHWARZ), (1824-1902) - 1342
(GALKIN, GALKIN), (1860-1915) - 1865-1871
(GAMPELN, HAMPELN), (1794 - 1880) - 949, 950
(GAU, GAU), (1816-1895) - 946, 983-994
(GE, GE), (1831-1894) - 1347-1357, 2601
(GERASIMOV, GERASSIMOW), (1881-1963) - 2135-2143
(GERASIMOV, GERASSIMOW), (. 1962) - 2455
(GERASIMOV, GERASSIMOW), (1885-1964) - 2220-2229, 2695
(GZELL, GSELL), (1673-1740, 1717 1740) - 285
(GLAZUNOV, GLASUNOW), (. 1969) - 2524, 2525
(GLAZUNOV, GLASUNOW), (. 1930) - 2393-2418
(GOLIKE, GOLIKE), (1802-1848) - 663-669, 2553, 2557
(GOLOVACHEVSKIY, GOLOWATSCHEWSKIJ), (1735-1823) - 82
(GOLOVIN, GOLOWIN), (1863-1930) - 1718, 1719, 1721, 1722, 1724-1730, 2629
(GOLUBKOV, GOLUBKOW), (. 1914) - 2242
(GOLDINGER, GOLDINGER), (1881-1973) - 1939, 1941
(HOLPEIN, HOLLPEIN), (? - 1858) - 627
(GONCHAROVA, GONTSCHAROWA), (1881-1962) - 2041, 2669
(GORAVSKIY, GORAWSKIJ), (1833-1900) - 1321-1324
(GORBUNOV, GORBUNOW), (1798-1837) - 604, 608
(GORBUNOV, GORBUNOW), (1822-1893) - 870, 871, 874, 875, 1001
(GORETSKIY, GOREZKIJ), (1825-1868/1872?) - 879
(GOROKHOV, GOROCHOW), (1863-1934) - 1598, 1599
(GORSKIY, GORSKI), (. 1926) - 2320-2322, 2707
- (GORSKIY-CHERNYSHEV, GORSKIJ-TSCHERNYSCHEW), (. 1961) - 2431
- (GORIUSHKIN-SOROKOPUDOV, GORJUSCHKIN-SOROKOPUDOW), (1873-1954) - 1903-1907, 1911, 2642
(GRABAR, GRABAR), (1871-1960) - 2237-2239, 2694, 2702
(GRANDKOVSKIY, GRANDKOWSKIJ), (1864-1907) - 1573
(GRAF, GRAF), (1736-1813) - 131
(GREBNEV, GREBNEW), ( XIX .) - 2607
(GREVIZIRSKIY, GREWISIRSKIJ), (1820-1891) - 1473
(GRIBKOV, GRIBKOW), (1820-1893) - 1504-1506
(GRIGORIEV, GRIGORJEW), (. 1971) - 2515
(GRIGORIEV, GRIGORJEW), (1886-1939) - 2049-2051, 2053
(GROOTH, GROOTH), (1716-1749, 1743 1749) - 293-299
(HUTTENBRUNN, GUTTENBRUNN), (? - 1816, 1795 1806?) - 354, 355
(GUN, GUN), (1830-1877) - 1474
- (DAMON-ORTOLANI, DAMON-ORTOLANI), (1750 - 1810, 1800-) - 361-366
(DARBES, DARBES), (1747-1810, 1773 1784?) - 307
(DVORNIKOV, DWORNIKOW), (1862-1922) - 1933
(DEINECKA, DEJNEKA), (1899-1969) - 2166-2170, 2693
-- (DELLA-VOS-KARDOVSKAYA, DELLA-VOS-KARDOWSKAJA), (1875-1952) - 1893-1898, 1902, 2663
(DENISOV, DENISSOW), (1811-1834) - 564
(DESYATOV, DESSJATOW), (1820-1888) - 1319, 1320
(DMITRIYEV, DMITRIJEW), (1878-1907) - 2657
- (DMITRIYEV-MAMONOV, DMITRIJEW-MAMONOW), (1823/1824-1880/1883) - 1293, 2606
- (DMITRIEV-ORENBURGSKIY, DMITRIJEW-ORENBURGSKIJ), (1837-1898) - 1479
(DOBROVOLSKIY, DOBROWOLSKIJ), (1789-1855/1856) - 2562
(DOBUZHINSKIY, DOBUSHINSKI), (1875-1957) - 1695, 2633
(DOROKHOV, DOROCHOW), (1906-1960) - 2245
(DOSEKIN, DOSSEKIN), (1863-1935) - 1930
(DAWE, DAWE), (1781-1829, 1819 1829) - 367-380, 387, 388, 391
(DROZHDIN, DROSCHDIN), (1745 1749 - 1805) - 119-125
(DURNOVA, DURNOWA), (1798 - ?) - 579
(YEVSTIGNEYEV, JEWSTIGNEJEW), (. 1954) - 2448
(YEGORNOV, JEGORNOW), (1860-1920) - 1872-1876, 2622
(YEGORV, JEGOROW), (1776-1851) - 505, 509
(EFANOV, JEFANOW), (1900-1978) - 2157-2161
(ZHDANOV, SHDANOW), (1775-1811) - 127
(ZHILINSKIY, SHILINSKI), (. 1927) - 2119, 2300-2318, 2718-2720
(ZHODEYKO, SCHODEJKO), (1826-1878/1879) - 1546-1548
(ZHUKOV, SHUKOW), (1841-1903) - 1417
(ZHUKOVSKAYA, SHUKOWSKAJA), (1871-1941) - 1944
(ZHURAVLYOV, SCHURAWLJOW), (1836-1901) - 1358-1360, 2598
(ZABOLOTSKIY, SABOLOTZKI), (1803-1866) - 680-691
(ZAVYALOV, SAWJALOW), (1810-1856) - 639
(ZALESSKIY, SALESSKIJ), ( XIX .) - 698
(ZAYANKO, SARJANKO), (1818-1870) - 880-912
- (ZARUDNAYA-KAVOS, SARUDNAJA-KAWOS), (1861-1917) - 1569
(ZAUERWEID, SAUERWEID), (1783-1844) - 658
- (ZAKHAROV-CHECHENETS, SACHAROW-TSCHETSCHENEZ), (1816-1846) - 703, 705, 707
(ZELENTSOV, SELENZOW), (1790-1845) - 567, 568, 570, 573, 574
(ZERNOVA, SERNOWA), (1900-1995) - 2240
(ZICHI, SITSCHI), (1827-1906) - 866, 867, 2570
(ZLATOV, SLATOW), (1810-1832) - 617, 618
(IVANOV, IWANOW), (1806-1858) - 675, 677-679
(IVANOV, IWANOW), (1811-1868) - 647
(IVANOV, IWANOW), (. 1924) - 2325-2329, 2710, 2711
(IVANOV, IWANOW), (1864-1910) - 1443, 1446, 2616
(IGOSHEV, IGOSCHJEW), (. 1921) - 2278-2280, 2282
(IZMAILOVICH, ISMAILOWITSCH), (1872-1959) - 1953
(IOGANSON, IOGANSON), (1893-1973) - 2210, 2213
(ISUPOV, ISSUPOW), (1889-1957) - 1808-1812
(KABANOV, KABANOW), (1823-1869) - 1305
(KABACHEK, KABATSCHEK), (. 1924) - 2274
(KADUNOV, KADUNOW), (1824-1871) - 1307
(KAZAKOV, KASAKOW), (1822 - 1853) - 1313
(KAZANTSEV, KAZANZEW), (1849-1902) - 1398
(KALMYNIN, KALMYNIN), ( XIX .) - 609
(KAMEZHENKOV, KAMESCHENKOW), (1760/1757? -1818/1819) - 141-145
(KANEVSKIY, KANEWSKIJ), (1805-1867) - 654
(KAPKOV, KAPKOW), (1816-1854) - 819, 821, 822, 824, 826, 827, 2575
(CARAVAQUE, CARAVAQUE), (1684-1754, 1716 1754) - 289-292
(KARATYGIN, KARATYGIN), (1818 - ?) - 622
(KARDOVSKIY, KARDOWSKIJ), (1866-1943) - 1899-1901
(KARELIN, KARELIN), () (1837-1906) - 1403-1407, 1409
(KARPOV, KARPOW), (1896-1968) - 2284
(KARSTEN, KARSTEN), () (1801 - ?) - 581
(KASATKIN, KASSATKIN), (1859-1930) - 1593-1597, 1600, 2123, 2124, 2126, 2635
(KATSMAN, KAZMAN), (1890-1976) - 2182-2189, 2701
(KASHIRIN, KASCHIRIN), ( XIX .) - 1303
- (KELLER-VILIANDI, KOLER-VILIANDI), (1826-1899) - 1478, 1480-1482
(KELIN, KELIN), (1874-1946) - 2212, 2214
(KIPRENSKIY, KIPRENSKIJ), (1782-1836) - 404-448, 2538, 2541
(KIRILLOVA, KYRILLOWA), (. 1943) - 2392, 2722, 2723
(KLYUKVIN, KLJUKWIN), ( 1777 - 1867) - 587
(KOVALEVSKIY, KOWALEWSKI), (1843-1903) - 1402
(KOVRIGIN, KOWRIGIN), (1819-1853) - 820
(KOZLOV, KOSLOW), (. 1926) - 2361, 2362
(KOLENDAS, KOLENDAS), (1820 - ?) - 601, 602
(KOLESOV, KOLESSOW), (1834-1902) - 1338-1340
(KOLOKOLNIKOV, KOLOKOLNIKOW), ( XVIII .) - 43, 44
(KOMAROV, KOMAROW), (1868-1918) - 1942
(KONCHALOVSKIY, KONTSCHALOWSKI), (1876-1956) - 2066-2068, 2678, 2680, 2681
- (KORZHEV, KORSCHEW), (. 1925) - 2334, 2335, 2340
(KORZUKHIN, KORSUCHIN), (1835-1894) - 1366-1371, 2586
(KORIN, KORIN), (1865-1923) - 1584-1587, 2637
(KORIN, KORIN), (1892-1967) - 2101-2118
(KOROVIN, KOROWIN), (1861-1939) - 1673-1686, 2621
(KOROVIN, KOROWIN), (1858-1908) - 1410, 1412, 1413, 2604
(KOSMIN, KOSMIN), (1882-1973) - 2180, 2181
(KOSNICHEV, KOSNITSCHEW), (. 1970) - 2443, 2444
(KOTLYAROV, KOTLJAROW), (. 1925) - 2294
(KOTOV, KOTOW), (1889-1953) - 2204-2209
(KOSHELEV, KOSCHELEW), (1840-1918) - 1381-1385
(KRAYNEV, KRAJNEW), (1872-1949) - 2241, 2243
(KRAMSKOY, KRAMSKOJ), (1837-1887) - 1107-1169, 2582, 2583
(KRASOVSKIY, KRASSOWSKIJ), ( XIX .) - 1306
(KRENDOVSKIY, KRENDOWSKI), (1810 - 1854) - 571, 572, 575, 576
(KRYLOV, KRYLOW), (1831-1900) - 1289
(KRYLOV, KRYLOW), (1802-1831) - 560, 563
(KRYMOV, KRYMOW), (1884-1958) - 2659
(CRUGER, KRGER), (1797-1857, 1832, 1837, 1844, 1847, 1850, 1851) - 386, 389-390, 392
(KUGACH, KUGATSCH), (. 1917) - 2295-2299
(KUDRYAVTSEV, KUDRJAWZEW), (1847-1872) - 1401
(KUZNETSOV, KUSNETZOW), (. 1970) - 2517
(KUZNETSOV, KUSNETZOW), (1850 -1929) - 1601-1611
(KUZMIN, KUSMIN), (. 1961) - 2494
(KULIKOV, KULIKOW), (1875-1941) - 1787-1793, 1797-1803, 2125, 2128, 2129, 2638, 2640
(KUPRIN, KUPRIN), (1880-1960) - 2052, 2679
(KURAKIN, KURAKIN), (. 1958) - 2434, 2435
(KURENNOY, KURENNOJ), (1865-1944) - 1946
- (KURGUZOVA-MIROSHNIK, KURGUSOWA-MIROSCHNIK), (. 1973) - 2419, 2498, 2499, 2501, 2504
(KURMANAYEVSKIY, KURMANAJEWSKIJ), (1894 - ?) - 2153
(KURNAKOV, KURNAKOW), (. 1916) - 2360, 2364
(CURTAIL, CROUTEIL), (1768 - 1830, XIX .) - 385
(KUSTODIEV, KUSTODIEW), (1878-1927) - 1981-2027, 2651, 2652, 2654
(KUGELHEN, KGELCHEN), (1772-1820, 1795 1804) - 358-360
(LAVROV, LAWROW), (1820-1875) - 1315-1318
(LADURNER, LADRNER), (1798-1855) - 659, 661
(LAKTIONOV, LAKTIONOW), (1910-1972) - 2190-2198, 2700, 2706
(LAMPI, LAMPI), (1751-1830, 1792 1797) - 283, 324-339
(LAPCHENKO, LAPTSCHENKO), (1801-1876) - 656
(LARIONOV, LARIONOW), (1881-1964) - 2040
(LASCH, LASCH), (1822-1888, 1847 1888) - 397-401
(LASHIN, LASCHIN), (1840 - ?) - 1302
(LEBEDEV, LEBEDEW), (1852-1916) - 1588-1592
(LEVITSKIY, LEWIZKI), (1735-1822) - 1, 159-219, 2533
(LEVITSKY, LEWIZKIJ), (1847-1940) - 1416
(LEDAKOV, LEDAKOW), ( XIX .) - 1463
(LEMAN, LEMAN), (1834-1901) - 1545, 1549-1551
(LEMOKH, LEMOCH), (1841-1910) - 1447, 1448
(LENTULOV, LENTULOW), (1882-1943) - 2054, 2057, 2058, 2676, 2683
(LEONTOVSKIY, LEONTOWSKIJ), (1865 - ?) - 1880-1882
(LIPGART, LIPGART), (1847-1932) - 1877, 1883-1885
(LITOVCHENKO, LITOWTSCHENKO), (1835-1890) - 1418, 1419
(LOSENKO, LOSSENKO), (1737-1773) - 75-77, 79
(LUPPOV, LUPPOW), (1893-1977) - 2145
( LVOV, LWOW), . ( XIX .) - 845
(LYUBIMOV, LJUBIMOW), (1879-1955) - 1934, 1938
(LUDERS, LDERS), (1710-1759, 1758 1759) - 304
(MAYOV, MAJOW), (1796-1873) - 653, 655, 2567
(MAKAROV, MAKAROW), (1842-1884) - 1414, 1415
(MAKAROV, MAKAROW), (1822-1897) - 913-945
(MAKAROV, MAKAROW), (1790- - ?) - 610
(MAKOVSKIY, MAKOWSKI), (1869-1924) - 1886-1892, 2619
(MAKOVSKIY, MAKOWSKI), (1846-1920) - 1428-1438, 2612, 2613
(MAKOVSKIY, MAKOWSKI), (1839-1915) - 1170-1217, 2591
(MAKSIMOV, MAXIMOW), (1810-1865) - 596, 598
(MAKSIMOV, MAXIMOW), (1844-1911) - 1372-1375, 2587
(MAKSIMOV, MAXIMOW), (. 1913) - 2247-2249
(MALYUTIN, MALJUTIN), (1919-1998) - 2281
(MALYUTIN, MALJUTIN), (1859-1937) - 1827-1833, 2120-2122, 2636, 2643
(MALYAVIN, MALJAWIN), (1869-1940) - 1813-1826
(MANIZER, MANISER), (1847-1925) - 1625, 1627
(MARKIN, MARKIN), (. 1976) - 2519
(MAROV, MAROW), (1802-1878) - 802, 803
(MARTYNOV, MARTYNOW), (1826-1889) - 620
(MATVEYEV, MATWEJEW), ( 1701 1704 - 1739) - 30, 32
(MATORIN, MATORIN), (. 1970) - 2491, 2493
(MATYUSHIN, MATJUSCHIN), (1861-1934) - 2048
(MASHKOV, MASCHKOW), (. 1967) - 2429, 2432, 2433, 2442
(MASHKOV, MASCHKOW), (1881-1944) - 2062-2065, 2675, 2677
(MEYER, MEIER), (1822-1867) - 1308
(MESHKOV, MESCHKOW), (1893-1963) - 2127
(MILIOTI, MILIOTI), (1875-1943) - 2632
(MIROPOLSKIY, MIROPOLSKIJ), (1749/1754 1759? - 1819) - 126
(MIROSHNIK, MIROSCHNIK), (. 1971) - 2419, 2496-2498, 2500, 2501
(MITOIR, MITOUAR), (? - 1830, 1801) - 347-349, 356
(MIKHAILOV, MICHAJLOW), (1814-1867) - 806
(MOISEYENKO, MOISSEJENKO), (1916-1988) - 2341-2342, 2344, 2345, 2712
(MOKRITSKIY, MOKRIZKIJ), (1810-1870) - 838, 840, 841, 843
(MOLINARI, MOLINARI), (1772-1831) - 510
(MOLLER, MOLLER), (1812-1874) - 807, 808, 810, 811, 2571
(MOSNIER, MOSNIER), (1743/1744 1774? - 1808, 1795 1808) - 350-352
(MORAVOV, MORAWOW), (1878-1951) - 1932
(MOROZOV, MOROSOW), (1835-1904) - 1400
(MOSKVITIN, MOSKWITIN), (. 1972) - 2461
(MOSKVITIN, MOSKWITIN), (. 1974) - 2522
(MOKHOV, MOCHOW), (1819-1903) - 616, 623
(MOCHALOV, MOTSCHALOW), (. 1955) - 2430
(MYLNIKOV, MYLNIKOW), (. 1919) - 2346, 2347
(MYLNIKOV, MYLNIKOW), (1797-1842) - 599, 600, 607
(MYAGKOV, MJAGKOW), (1813-1865) - 615
( MYASOYEDOV, MJASSOJEDOW), (1834-1911) - 1376-1380, 2589, 2594, 2595
(MYASOYEDOV, MJASSOJEDOW), (1881-1953?) - 1950, 2623
(NALBANDYAN, NALBANDJAN), (1906-1993) - 2218, 2219
(NEVREV, NEWREW), (1830-1904) - 1288, 1325-1330, 2530, 2590
(NEMENSKIY, NEMENSKIJ), (. 1922) - 2365-2369, 2371
(NEPRINTSEV, NEPRINZEW), (1909-1996) - 2252
(NESTERENKO, NESTERENKO), (. 1968) - 2427
(NESTEROV, NESTEROW), (1862-1942) - 2071-2100, 2688, 2689
(NEFF, NEFF), (1805-1876) - 775, 793-801, 804, 805
(NECHITAILO, NETSCHITAJLO), (1915-1980) - 2272, 2273, 2275-2277, 2705
(NIKITIN, NIKITIN), (. 1680 - 1742) - 20, 22-28
(NIKITIN, NIKITIN), (. 1680 - 1753) - 29, 31
- (NIKICH, NIKITSCH), (. 1918) - 2370, 2372
(NIKONOV, NIKONOW), (. 1930) - 2337
(NILUS, NILUS), (1869-1940) - 1935
(NOVOSKOLTSEV, NOWOSKOLZEW), (1853-1919) - 1565, 1567, 1568
(OVCHINNIKOV, OWTSCHINNIKOW), (. 1918) - 2255
(OLESHKEVICH, OLESCHKEWITSCH), (1777-1830) - 637, 640
(ORESHNIKOV, ORESCHNIKOW), (1904-1987) - 2266-2271
(ORLOV, ORLOW), (1812-1863) - 846-855, 2576
(ORLOVSKIY, ORLOWSKIJ), (1777-1832) - 512, 513, 515, 2555, 2556
(OSMERKIN, OSMJORKIN), (1892-1953) - 2028, 2069, 2070, 2682
(OSSOVSKIY, OSSOVSKI), (. 1925) - 2330-2332, 2714
(OSTROVSKIY, OSTROWSKIJ), ( XVIII .) - 103
- (OSTROUMOVA-LEBEDEVA, OSTROUMOWA-LEBEDEWA), (1871-1955) - 2687
(OSTROUKHOV, OSTROUCHOW), (1858-1929) - 1572
(PASTERNAK, PASTERNAK), (1862-1945) - 1757-1763, 2656, 2658
(PELEVIN, PELEWIN), (1840-1917) - 1460
(PEROV, PEROW), (1833/1834-1882) - 1090-1106, 2580, 2584
- (PETROV-VODKIN, PETROW-WODKIN), (1878-1939) - 2032-2036, 2668, 2673
(PLASTOV, PLASTOW), (1893-1972) - 2258-2265, 2704
(PLATONOV, PLATONOW), (1842-1907) - 1439, 1441, 1445
(PLAKHOV, PLACHOW), (1810-1881) - 559, 561
(PLESHANOV, PLESCHANOW), (1829-1882) - 1290, 2603
(PLUSHAR, PLUCHARD), (1809 - 1880) - 709-717
(PODKLYUCHNIKOV, PODKLJUTSCHNIKOW), (1833-1877) - 2564
(PODKOVANTSEV, PODKOWANZEW), (1820/1821-1878) - 708
(POLENOV, POLENOW), (1844-1927) - 1515, 1516
(POPKOV, POPKOW), (1932-1974) - 2336, 2339
(POPOV, POPOW), (1869-1945) - 1972, 1973
(POPOV, POPOW), (1873-1914) - 1794, 1804, 1806, 1807
(POSTEMSKIY, POSTEMSKIJ), (1825 - ?) - 844
(POSTNIKOV, POSTNIKOW), (1825/1827? - 1880) - 1300
(PRENNER, PRENNER), ( 1720 - 1766, 1750 1755) - 303
(PRISEKIN, PRISSEKIN), (. 1958) - 2420-2422, 2424, 2425
(PUKHIREV, PUKIREW), (1832-1890) - 1294, 1296-1298, 2581
(PCHELIN, PTSCHELIN), (1869-1941) - 1936
(RAEV, RAJEW), (1808-1871) - 2561
(RAZUMOVSKAYA, RASUMOWSKAJA), (1896-1987) - 2703
(RACHKOV, RATSCHKOW), (1825-1895) - 1496-1503, 1507
(REDKO, REDKO), (1897-1956) - 2162-2164
(REICHEL, REICHEL), (1788-1856/1857?) - 644, 646, 648-650
(REPIN, REPIN), (1844-1930) - 1218-1287, 2609, 2610, 2615
(REPIN, REPIN), (1877-1954) - 1931
(RESHETNIKOV, RESCHETNIKOW), (1906-1988) - 2215, 2216
(RISENER, RISENER), (1767-1828, 1816 1823) - 384
(RISS, RISS), (1804-1886) - 704, 706, 2568
(RIZZONI, RICCONI), (1836-1902) - 1536, 1537, 1539
(ROBERTSON, ROBERTSON), (1796-1854, 1840) - 393-396
(RODCHEV, RODTSCHEW), (1768-1803) - 128
(ROZHDESTVENSKIY, ROSHDESTWENSKI), (1884-1963) - 2059
(ROZANOV, ROSANOW), .. (1869-1940) - 1943
(ROZANOVA, ROSANOWA), (1886-1918) - 2670
(ROKOTOV, ROKOTOW), (1735? - 1808) - 83-102
(ROMADIN, ROMADIN), (. 1940) - 2384-2387, 2724, 2725
(ROMANOVA, ROMANOWA), (. 1944) - 2388-2391, 2726, 2727
(ROMANYCHEV, ROMANYTSCHEW), (. 1919) - 2287
(ROMBAUER, ROMBAUER), (1782-1849, 1806 1821) - 381, 383
(ROSLIN, ROSLIN), (1718-1793, 1775 1777) - 318-323
(ROTARI, ROTARI), (1707 - 1762, 1756 1762) - 308-311
(RUBLYOV, RUBLJOW), (1902-1975) - 2286
(RYBINSKIY, RYBINSKIJ), ( XIX .) - 1291, 1292
(RYZHENKO, RYSCHENKO), (. 1970) - 2492, 2495
(RYABUSHKIN, RJABUSCHKIN), (1861-1904) - 1575-1579
(RYAZHSKIY, RJASCHSKIJ), (1895-1952) - 2144, 2146, 2698, 2699
(SABASHNIKOVA, SABASCHNIKOWA), (1882-1973) - 1756
(SABLUKOV, SABLUKOW), (1735-1777) - 78, 80, 81
(SAVINOV, SAWINOW), (1881-1942) - 1754
(SAVINSKIY, SAWINSKIJ), (1859-1937) - 1967, 1970, 2639
(SAVITSKIY, SAWIZKIJ), (1844-1905) - 1580-1583
(SALAKHOV, SALACHOW), (. 1928) - 2349-2354
(SAMOKHVALOV, SAMOCHWALOW), (1894-1971) - 2173-2179, 2685
(SAMSONOV, SAMSONOW), (. 1960) - 2426, 2436-2439
(SARIAN, SARJAN), (1880-1972) - 2038, 2665
( SVAROG, SWAROG), (1863-1946) - 2696
(SVEDOMSKIY, SWEDOMSKI), (1849-1904) - 1526, 1528
(SVESHNIKOV, SWESCHNIKOW), (. 1912) - 2250
(SEDOV, SEDOW), (1836-1884) - 1464
(SELEZNYOV, SELESNEW), (1856-1936) - 1623
(SERDYUKOV, SERDJUKOW), (1744 - 1778) - 115-118
(SEREBRYAKOVA, SEREBRJAKOWA), (1884-1967) - 1731-1746, 2644-2649
(SEREBRYANYI, SEREBRJANYJ), (1907-1979) - 2233, 2236
(SERGEYEV, SERGEJEW), (. 1961) - 2458-2460
(SEROV, SEROW), (1865-1911) - 1628-1672, 2618, 2620
(SEROV, SEROW), (1910-1968) - 2253
(SKADOVSKIY, SKADOWSKIJ), (1846-1892) - 1483
(SKOTTI, SKOTTI), (1814-1861) - 809, 813-816
(SLAVYANSKIY, SLAWJANSKIJ), (1819/1817? - 1876) - 565, 566, 569
(SLEPUSHKIN, SLEPUSCHKIN), (. 1967) - 2526-2529
(SLUCHANKO, SLUTSCHANKO), (. 1970) - 2518
(SMIRNOVSKIY, SMIRNOWSKIJ), ( 1783 - 1825) - 577, 578
(SOKOLOV, SOKOLOW), (1829-1913) - 1000, 1002, 1421, 1423, 1425, 1427
(SOKOLOV, SOKOLOW), (1875-1953) - 2661
(SOKOLOV, SOKOLOW), (1826-1905) - 1004
(SOKOLOV, SOKOLOW), (1791-1848) - 619, 966-982
(SOLOMIN, SOLOMIN), (. 1940) - 2373-2380
(SOLOMKO, SOLOMKO), (1867-1928) - 1947-1949
(SOMOV, SOMOW), (1869-1939) - 1702-1717, 2625, 2626
(SORIN, SORIN), (1878-1953) - 1918-1929
(SOROKA, SOROKA), (1823-1864) - 562
(SOROKIN, SOROKIN), (1821-1892) - 832, 833, 837
(SOROKIN, SOROKIN), (. 1922) - 2713
(SREDIN, SREDIN), (1872-1934) - 1571
(STANKEVICH, STANKEWITSCH), (1824-1892) - 823
(STELLETSKIY, STELLEZKIJ), (1875-1947) - 2660
(STEPANOV, STEPANOW), (1858-1923) - 1835-1837, 1839
(STEPANOV, STEPANOW), (1854-1910) - 1422, 1424, 1426
(STOLITSA, STOLIZA), (1870-1929) - 1838, 1840, 1841
(STRELKOVSKIY, STRELKOWSKIJ), (1819 - ?) - 995, 997
(SURIKOV, SURIKOW), (1848-1916) - 1508-1514, 1517, 2611, 2614
(SUROVTSEV, SUROWZEW), (. 1931) - 2381
- (SUKHOVO-KOBYLINA, SUCHOWO-KOBYLINA), (1825-1867) - 2592
(SYTOV, SYTOW), (. 1957) - 2423
(SYCHKOV, SYTSCHKOW), (1870-1958) - 1912-1917, 2634
(TANNAUER, TANNAUER), (1680-1737/1731?), 1711) - 284
(TARKHANOV, TARCHANOW), ( XIX .) - 603
(TVOROZHNIKOV, TWOROSHNIKOW), (1848-1919) - 1440, 1442, 1444
(TEREBENEV, TEREBENEW), (1795-1864/1866?) - 583, 947, 948, 2550
(TERPSIKHOROV, TERPSICHOROW), (1890-1960) - 2211
(TIMASHEVSKIY, TIMASCHEWSKIJ), (1822-1866/1867?) - 834-836
(TIMM, TIMM), (1820-1895) - 862
(TIMOFEYEV, TIMOFEJEW), (1835 - 1914) - 1491, 1492, 1494, 1495
(TISHIN, TISCHIN), (1866 - ?) - 1449
(TKACHOV, TKATSCHOW), (. 1925) - 2323, 2324, 2715
(TKACHOV, TKATSCHOW), (. 1922) - 2323, 2324, 2715
(TO, TOCQUE), (1696 - 1772, 1756 1758) - 300
(TOLSTOY, TOLSTOJ), (1783-1873) - 582
(TONCI, TONCI), (1756-1844, 1797 1844) - 353, 357
(TORELLI, TORELLI), (1712 - 1780/1784?), 1762 1780) - 312, 313
(TOROPOV, TOROPOW), (1820/1821? - 1898) - 878
(TROPININ, TROPININ), (1776-1857) - 449-502, 2552, 2554
(TRUTOVSKIY, TRUTOWSKIJ), (1826-1893) - 1399
(TRUFANOV, TRUFANOW), (1921-1988) - 2256, 2257
(TYRANOV, TYRANOW), (1808-1859) - 776-792, 2566
(TURIN, TJURIN), (1824-1904) - 1466-1471
(TURIN, TJURIN), (1816-1882) - 829-831
(TUTRYUMOV, TJUTRJUMOW), (1821-1877) - 1484-1489
(UGAROV, UGAROW), (1922-1991) - 2343
(UGRYUMOV, UGRJUMOW), (1764-1823) - 504, 506, 507
(UDALTSOVA, UDALZOWA), (1886-1961) - 2671
(ULYANOV, ULJANOW), (1875-1949) - 1976, 1977, 2154, 2662
(FALK, FALK), (1886-1958) - 2060, 2061, 2674, 2684, 2686
(FYODOROV, FJODOROW), (. 1951) - 2428
(FYODOROVA, FJODOROWA), (. 1972) - 2521
(FEDOTOV, FEDOTOW), (. 1964) - 2520
(FEDOOV, FEDOOW), (1815-1852) - 670-674, 676, 842, 2578
(FELITSYN, FELIZYN), ( 1820- - 1882) - 1299, 1301, 1304
(FESHIN, FESCHIN), (1881-1955) - 1954-1961, 2664
(FILATCHEV, FILATSCHEW), (1937-1997) - 2709
(FLAVITSKIY, FLAWIZKIJ), (1830-1866) - 812
(VOGEL VOGELSTEIN, VOGEL VOGELSTEIN), (1788-1868, 1808 1812) - 382
(KHARITONOV, CHARITONOW), (1880-1944) - 1962-1964
(KHARLAMOV, CHARLAMOW), (1840-1922) - 1612-1622
(KHASYANOVA, CHASJANOWA), (. 1963) - 2482, 2484, 2485
(KHILKOVA, CHILKOWA), (1827 - 1876) - 817
(KHODASEVICH, CHODASSEWITSCH), (1894-1970) - 2047
(KHOLUYEV, CHOLUJEW), (. 1923) - 2708
(KHOMYAKOV, CHOMJAKOW), (1804-1860) - 2593
(CHRISTINEK, CHRISTINEK), (1732/1733? - 1792 1794) - 109-114
(KHRUTSKIY, CHRUZKIJ), (1810-1885) - 585, 586, 588-590, 2560
(KHUDOYAROV, CHUDOJAROW), (1829 1831-1892) - 1524, 1527
(KHUDOYAROV, CHUDOJAROW), (1813-1865) - 1525
(KHUDYAKOV, CHUDJAKOW), (1825/1826-1871) - 872, 873, 876, 877, 1003
(ZIONGLINSKIY, ZIONGLINSKIJ), (1858-1912) - 1752, 1753
(CHEMESOV, TSCHEMESSOW), (1737-1765) - 2531
(CHERNETSOV, TSCHERNETZOW), (1802-1865) - 592, 594
(CHERNYSHEV, TSCHERNYSCHEW), (1885-1973) - 2171, 2172, 2690-2692
(CHERNYSHEVA, TSCHERNYSCHEWA), (. 1935) - 2319
(CHORNYI, TSCHORNYJ), (. 1972) - 2454, 2457
(CHISTYAKOV, TSCHISTJAKOW), (1832-1919) - 1361-1365
(CHIKHACHOVA, TSCHICHATSCHOWA), (1788-1812) - 2558
(CHUIKOV, TSCHUJKOW), (1902 -1980) - 2251, 2254
(CHUMAKOV, TSCHUMAKOW), (1823-1911) - 1521-1523, 2602
(SHABUNIN, SCHABUNIN), (1866-1907) - 1937
(SHAMANOV, SCHAMANOW), (. 1931) - 2348
(SHAMSHIN, SCHAMSCHIN), (1811-1895) - 697, 699-702
(SHANKOV, SCHANKOW), (. 1962) - 2469-2480
(SCHWEDE, SCHWEDE), (1806-1863) - 645
(SHEBUYEV, SCHEBUJEW), (1777-1855) - 508, 2539, 2540
(SHEVANDRONOVA, SCHEWANDRONOWA), (1928-1993) - 2355, 2359, 2717
(SHEVCHENKO, SCHEWTSCHENKO), (1883-1948) - 2055, 2056, 2672
(SHEGAL, SCHEGAL), (1889-1956) - 2234, 2235
(SHEMYAKIN, SCHEMJAKIN), (1875-1944) - 1940, 1945
(SHERWOOD, SHERWOOD), (1832-1897) - 1452, 1456, 1457
(SHIBANOV, SCHIBANOW), (? - 1789) - 104-108
(SHILDER, SCHILDER), (1828-1898) - 1472, 1475-1477
(SHIROKOV, SCHIROKOW), (. 1931) - 2357
(SHMARIN, SCHMARIN), (. 1967) - 2440, 2441, 2446, 2721
(STEIBEN, STEUBEN), (1788-1856) - 657, 662
(STEIN, STEIN), (. 1967) - 2462-2464, 2467
(SHTEMBER, SCHTEMBER), (1863 - 1917) - 1968, 1969, 1971
(SHTENBERG, STENBERG), (1818-1845) - 2563
(SHTYHNO, SCHTYCHNO), (. 1961) - 2481, 2483, 2486-2490
(SHUBIN, SCHUBIN), (1740-1805) - 2534
(SHURPIN, SCHURPIN), (. 1904) - 2217
(SHURYGIN, SCHURYGIN), (1841-1873) - 1574
(SHUKHAEV, SCHUCHAJEW), (1887-1973) - 1974,1975, 2650
(SHCHEDRIN, SCHTSCHEDRIN), (1745-1804) - 2535
(SHCHEDRIN, SCHTSCHEDRIN), (1791-1830) - 2537
(SHCHERBAKOV, SCHTSCHERBAKOW), (1916-1990) - 2289-2293
(SCHERBINOV, SCHTSCHERBINOWSKIJ), (1867-1926) - 1755, 2631
(SHCHUKIN, SCHTSCHUKIN), (1762-1828) - 132-140
(EBERLING, EBERLING), (1871-1951) - 1879
(EGGINK, EGGINK), (1787-1867) - 651
(EDELFELT, EDELFELT), (1854-1905) - 1878
(ERICSEN, ERIKSEN), (1722 - 1782, 1757 1772) - 314-317
(YUON, JUON), (1875-1958) - 2653
(YABLONSKAYA, JABLONSKAJA), (. 1917) - 2283, 2285, 2288
(YAGODNIKOV, JAGODNIKOW), ( XIX .) - 593
(YAKOBI, JAKOBI), (1836-1902) - 1343-1345
(YAKOVLEV, JAKOWLEW), (1887-1938) - 1978-1980, 2650, 2655
(YAKOVLEV, JAKOWLEW), (1893-1953) - 1295, 2199-2204
(YAKOVLEV, JAKOWLEW), (1819-1862) - 856-861
(YANENKO, JANENKO), (1762-1809) - 2551
(YANENKO, JANENKO), (1800-1852) - 652
- (YAR-KRAVCHENKO, JAR-KRAWTSCHENKO), (1911-1983) - 2156
(YAROSHENKO, JAROSCHENKO), (1846-1898) - 1386-1397, 2597
(YASHIN, JASCHIN), (. 1965) - 2523

- , . : , , . XIX - , , . XX ., ., . , . : . . 2727 . , . , , .