. ( )

XXI . .
. , . - , . ( 3- ) .


INTRODUCTION
8

EARLY RUSSIAN ICON PAINTING
10

GREAT ICON PAINTERS
26

FROM ICON TO PICTURE
34

THE AGE OF PORTRAIT
38

ROSSICA
84

THE ACADEMY AND HISTORICAL PAINTING
96

EMERGENCE OF THE GENRES
110

KIPRENSKIY AND TROPININ
126

KARL BRULLOV
138

EMERGENCE OF LANDSCAPE PAINTING
150

VENETSIANOV AND THE IDYLLIC WORLD
170
XIX
THE ACADEMY AND PAINTING IN THE FIRST HALF OF XIX CENTURY
188

ALEXANDER IVANOV
222

THE GENIUS OF THE GENRE
230

IVAN AIVAZOVSKIY
238

DISAPPOINTED AMBITIONS
254
XIX
HISTORICAL AND ACADEMIC PAINTING OF XIX CENTURY
270

BATTLE-PIECES
310

THE AGE OF LANDSCAPE
336

SHISHKIN AND KUINGI
388

PAVEL MIKHAILOVICH TRETYAKOV
408

GIANTS
412

ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF PUBLIC LIFE
466
. XIX
SEARCH FOR THE WAY. END OF XIX CENTURY
498
. XX
SEARCH FOR THE WAY. BEGINNING OF XX CENTURY
566

AFTER THE REVOLUTION
658

NEW NAMES
696

DREAM AND TALE
738

NATIONAL WAR
748

CONTEMPORARIES
760

ILYA GLAZUNOV
828

INSTEAD OF THE AFTERWORD
842

RETURN TO FUTURE
860

, , . , ; , , . , , . , , , . : , , , . . . , , , , , XIV . , . , , , . , . . - , , , . - I, 1812 . , ( .. ) . II , XIX . . , , , , , - . ? .

Introduction

Great nations are rich in history. Rises and falls make their imprint on everyday lives of people, technical progress of the society, spiritual labour consisting of various kinds of art. Russian painting followed the common law too: it had its periods of blossoming and devotion interchanging with times of decline and mediocrity on its highest. One can outline three periods in the history of Russian painting. The first one is connected with religious art. In the history of Russian painting, we can watch its peak illustrative of the names of Theophanes the Greek, Andrey Rublev, and Dionysus against the background of unparalleled rise of the country in the second half of XIV century. The achievements of Russian art can well be compared to those of the world art as Andrey Rublev was older than Masaccio; and when Leonardo was born, the genius Russian icon painter had been dead for a quarter of century. Two hundred years later, however, that spiritual impetus expired and after the reign of Ivan the Terrible Russia experienced a true crush. Only with establishment of the Romanovs it started its slow ascension. In the time of Peter the Great promotion of Western way of life started the second period in the history of Russian painting - emergence of civil art on the basis of mainly European, and Italian and French in the first place, schools of painting. The third period in the history of Russian art began in the time of Alexander I. Painting, like other kinds of art (it suffice to remember A.S. Pushkin), acknowledged its nationality and turned to independent development. And after the reforms of Alexander II it blossomed to the extent that could well be called the Golden Age of Russian art. XX century will always remain the time of gloom for the humankind. Crisis of the civilization in the beginning of the century, devastating wars, bloody regimes leave very little to be proud of. You have to judge yourselves whether our art has died or not.

. , , . , . , , , . . , , , , . , . , , , , , "" . , . , , , .

INSTEAD OF THE AFTERWORD

Russian paintings are the great national treasure. A large number of excellent artists and lots of pictures of the international level, create in a short period, enable us to speak about unique creative potential of the Russian people. Characteristic feature of Russian art is clear expression of its originality, which can partly explain relative obscurity of the Russian school for the international art history. However, Russian artists working in the genres and styles understandable to the other world achieved international acknowledgement. Landscape painting has its Russian originality. Foreigners would not venerate pictures by Savrasov, Vasiliev, Shishkin, Levitan as the land is alien to them. They will also hardly value the scale of Surikov's canvases, tale images by Victor Vasnetsov. Perhaps, characters by Venetsianov, scenes by Fedotov, Perov, Korzukhin, Nesterov are also alien to "economical" persons. But the Russian painters have left us great heritage, familiar to our souls. Their inspired painting is a pride of Russian people; powerful creative potential seen even in unfavourable times provides us with a hope for revival.

(AVILOV, AVILOW), (1882-1954) - 1964 //

(AIVAZOVSKIY, AJWASOWSKIJ), (1817-1900) - 566-597

(AKHIMOV, AKIMOW), (1754-1814) - 226-231

(ALEXANDROVSKIY, ALEXANDROWSKIJ), (1842-1906) - 748

(ALEKSEYEV, ALEXEJEW), (1811-1878) - 436

(ALEKSEYEV, ALEXEJEW), (1753-1824) - 258-271

(ALTMAN, ALTMAN), (1889-1970) - 1687

(AMMON, AMMON), (1826(27)-1879) - 825

(AMMOSOV, AMOSOW), (1837-1886) - 833

(ANDRONOV, ANDRONOW), (1929-1998) - 2023

(ANNENKOV, ANNENKOW), (1889-1974) - 1689

(ANTROPOV, ANTROPOW), (1716-1795) - 81-88

(ARGUNOV, ARGUNOW), (1727 1729 - 1802) - 89-98

(ARGUNOV, ARGUNOW), (1771 - 1829) - 169, 173, 174

(ARGUNOV, ARGUNOW), (1784 - 1830) - 170

(ARSENYUK, ARSENJUK), (. 1955) - 2321

(ARKHIPOV, ARCHIPOW), (1862-1930) - 1326-1330, 1722, 1724-1726

(ASKNAZIY, ASKNASIJ), (1856-1902) - 697

(AFONIN, AFONIN), (. 1966) - 2355-2360

(AFONINA, AFONINA), (. 1965) - 2344

(BAYKOV, BAJKOW), (1818-1890) - 800

(BAKALOVICH, BAKALOWITSCH),

(1857 - 1936) - 724-729

(BAKST, BAKST), (1866-1924) - 1148, 1454, 1456, 2252, 2262, 2263

(BAKSHEYEV, BAKSCHEJEW), (1862-1958) - 1338

(BASSIN, BASSIN), (1793-1877) - 469-471, 474

(BEGGROV, BEGGROW), (1841-1914) - 864-869

(BEYDEMAN, BEJDEMAN), (1826-1869) - 491

(BELLOLI, BELLOLI), (1820-1881) - 737

(BELOUSOV, BELOUSSOW), (. 1912) - 1919

(BELSKIY, BELSKIJ), (1729(28?)-1796) - 247

(BELSKIY, BELSKIJ), (1753-1794) - 163

(BELYUKIN, BELJUKIN), (. 1962) - 2347-2354, 2376

(BENUA, BENUA), (1870-1960) - 1439, 1440

(BERGGOLTS, BERGGOLZ), (1864-1920) - 1289

(BIRGER, BIRGER), (. 1923) - 2138

(BLINKOV, BLINKOW), (. 1911) - 1959

(BOBROV, BOBROW), (1842-1918) - 736, 2224

(BOGAEVSKIY, BOGAJEWSKI), (1872-1943) - 1524-1531, 1727-1732

(BOGATOV, BOGATOW), (1854-1935) - 1354

(BOGDANOV, BOGDANOW), (1855-1932) - 1350, 1351

(BOGDANOV, BOGDANOW), (1850-1892) - 1355

- (BOGDANOV-BELSKIY, BOGDANOW-BELSKIJ), (1868-1945) - 1339-1346

(BOGOLYUBOV, BOGOLJUBOW), (1824-1896) - 773-777, 853-863

(BOGOMOLOV, BOGOMOLOW), ( XVIII .) - 242

(BOGORODSKIY, BOGORODSKIJ), (1895-1959) - 1814, 1815

(BODAREVSKIY, BODAREWSKIJ), (1850-1921) - 752

- (BORISOV-MUSATOV, BORISSOW-MUSSATOW),

(1870-1905) - 1660-1664, 2254

(BOROVIKOVSKY, BOROWIKOWSKIJ), (1757-1825) - 142-162

(BOTKIN, BOTKIN), (1839-1914) - 731, 732

(BOCHAROV, BOTSCHAROW), (1831-1895) - 826

(BRAGOVSKIY, BRAGOWSKI), (. 1923) - 2130

(BRAS, BRAS), (1872-1936) - 1360-1362, 2245

(BRODSKAYA, BRODSKAJA), (1910-1991) - 2101, 2102

(BRODSKY, BRODSKI), (1883-1939) - 1499-1505, 1717, 1718, 1928, 1929, 1936

(BRONNIKOV, BRONNIKOW), (1827-1902) - 690-694, 2216, 2228

(BRUNI, BRUNI), (1799-1875) - 457, 476-481

(BRULLOV, BRJULLOW), (1799-1852) - 313-339, 2212

(BUBNOV, BUBNOW), (1908-1964) - 1965

- (BUGAYEVSKIY-BLAGODARNYI, BUGAJEWSKIJ-BLAGODARNYJ), ( 1780 - 1860) - 2200

(BUNIN, BUNIN), (1856-1912) - 818, 821

- (BIALYNITSKIY-BIRULYA, BJALINITYKI-BIRULJA),

(1872-1957) - 1581-1584, 1748-1754

(VARNEK, WARNEK), (1782-1843) - 465, 467, 468

(VASILIEV, WASSILJEW), (1850-1873) - 823, 924-941

(VASNETSOV, WASNETZOW), (1856-1933) - 1315-1319, 1630-1644

(VASNETSOV, WASNETZOW), (1848-1926) - 1130-1158, 2237, 2248

(VEDERNIKOV, WEDERNIKOW), (1898-1975) - 1836

(VELTZ, WELZ), (1866-1926) - 1291, 1292

(VENETSIANOV, WENETZIANOW), (1780-1847) - 405-423

(VENIG, WENIG), (1830-1908) - 644, 650

(VERESHCHAGIN, WERESCHTSCHAGIN), (1842-1904) - 759, 778-796

(VERESHCHAGIN, WERESCHTSCHAGIN), (1835-1909) - 699

(VERESHCHAGIN, WERESCHTSCHAGIN), (1836-1886) - 834-839

- (VIGEE-LEBRUN, VIGEE-LEBRUN), (1755-1842, 1795 1801) - 207

(VILLEVALDE, WILLEWALDE), () (1818-1903) - 766-772

(WILLIAMS, WILJAMS), (1902-1947) - 1830

(VINOGRADOV, WINOGRADOW), (1869-1938) - 1572, 1574, 1576-1580

(VISHNYAK, WISCHNJAK), (. 1960) - 2325-2330

(VISHNYAKOV, WISCHNJAKOW), (1699-1761) - 73-80

(VOLKOV, WOLKOW), (1827-1873) - 602, 603

(VOLKOV, WOLKOW), (1854 - 1897) - 2222

(VOLKOV, WOLKOW), (1844-1920) - 952-957

(VOLOSKOV, WOLOSKOW), (1822-1882) - 448

(VOROBYOV, WOROBJOW), (1787-1855) - 363-374

(VOROBYOV, WOROBJOW), (1817-1888) - 402, 404

(VROBLEVSKIY, WROBLEWSKI),

(1868-1939) - 1310

(VRUBEL, WRUBEL), (1856-1910) - 1422-1437, 2251

(GAVRILOV, GAWRILOW), (1923-1970) - 1972, 1973, 1975, 1976

(GAVRILYACHENKO, GAWRILJATSCHENKO), (. 1956) - 2148-2151

(GAGARIN, GAGARIN), (1810-1893) - 760, 761

(GALKIN, GALKIN), (1860-1915) - 1363

(GE, GE), (1831-1894) - 1049-1062

(GELLER, GELLER), (1862-1933) - 658

(GERASIMOV, GERASSIMOW), (1881-1963) - 1910-1912, 1930, 1931, 1937, 1939

(GERASIMOV, GERASSIMOW), (. 1962) - 2312-2319

(GERASIMOV, GERASSIMOW), (1885-1964) - 1848-1853, 1934, 1955, 2275

(GERMASHEV, GERMASCHEW), (1868-1930) - 1311

(GHINE, GINE), (1830-1880) - 830

(GZELL, GSELL), (1673-1740, 1717 1740) - 179, 181

(GLAZUNOV, GLASUNOW), (. 1969) - 2284, 2297, 2299, 2301

(GLAZUNOV, GLASUNOW), (. 1930) - 2166-2192, 2281

(GLAZUNOV, GLASUNOW), (. 1973) - 2375

(GOLOVACHEVSKIY, GOLOWATSCHEWSKIJ), (1735-1823) - 218

(GOLOVIN, GOLOWIN), (1863-1930) - 1455, 1457-1460, 1463, 1464, 2257

(GONCHAROVA, GONTSCHAROWA), (1881-1962) - 1697

(GORAVSKIY, GORAWSKIJ), (1833-1900) - 2207

(GORBATOV, GORBATOW), (1876 - ?) - 1598-1603

(GORBUNOV, GORBUNOW), (1822-1893) - 747

(GORSKIY, GORSKI), (. 1926) - 1969, 2064-2069

- (GORSKIY-CHERNYSHEV, GORSKIJ-TSCHERNYSCHEW), (. 1964) - 2334-2337

- (GORIUSHKIN-SOROKOPUDOV, GORJUSCHKIN-SOROKOPUDOW), (1873-1954) - 1604-1610, 1771

(GRABAR, GRABAR), (1871-1960) - 1545-1548, 1755-1762, 1935, 2274

(GREKOV, GREKOW), (1882-1934) - 1818-1820

(GRIBKOV, GRIBKOW), (1820-1893) - 1219

(GRIGORIEV, GRIGORJEW), (. 1971) - 2341

(GRIGORIEV, GRIGORJEW), (1886-1939) - 1653

(GRIGORIEV, GRIGORJEW), (. 1910) - 1900

(GRITSAI, GRIZAI), (1950-1988) - 2108, 2109, 2113, 2115-2117

(GRITSAI, GRIZAI), (1914-1998) - 2082-2087

(GROOTH, GROOTH), - (1716-1749, 1743 1749) - 175, 182, 184, 185, 188, 189

(GROOTH, GROOTH), (1717-1801, 1743 1801) - 186

(GRUZINSKIY, GRUSINSKI), (1837-1892) - 1186-1188

(GUN, GUN), (1830-1877) - 695, 702

(GURVICH, GURWITSCH), (. 1907) - 1902

(DAVYDOV, DAWYDOW), (1826-1856) - 400

(DEINECKA, DEJNEKA), (1899-1969) - 1806-1813, 1945, 1949, 2271

-- (DELLA-VOS-KARDOVSKAYA, DELLA-VOS-KARDOWSKAJA), (1875-1952) - 1655

(DEMENTIEV, DEMENTJEW), (. 1941) - 2122, 2124

(DENISOV, DENISSOW), (1811-1834) - 441

(JOGHIN, DSHOGIN), (1834-1885) - 827, 828

- (DMITRIEV-ORENBURGSKIY, DMITRIJEW-ORENBURGSKIJ), (1837-1898) - 618, 648, 812, 815-817

(DOBUZHINSKIY, DOBUSHINSKI), (1875-1957) - 1461, 1462, 1465-1467

(DORMIDONTOV, DORMIDONTOW), (1898-1962) - 1835

(DAWE, DAWE), (1781-1829, 1819 1829) - 208, 209, 211, 212

(DROZHDIN, DROSCHDIN), (1745 1749 - 1805) - 171, 2198

(DUBOVITSKAYA, DUBOWITZKAJA), (1817-1893) - 397

(DUBOVSKOY, DUBOWSKOJ), (1859-1918) - 1274-1280

(DUKKER, DKKER), (1841-1916) - 870, 874, 876

(ENDOGUROV, ENDOGUROW), (1861-1898) - 1303-1308

(YEGORNOV, JEGORNOW), (1858-1902(3?)) - 1285

(YEGORNOV, JEGORNOW), (1860-1920) - 1366

(YEGORV, JEGOROW), (1776-1851) - 462-464

(EFANOV, JEFANOW), (1900-1978) - 1905, 1906, 1938

(YEFOSHKIN, JEFOSCHKIN), (. 1960) - 2331, 2333

(ZHILINSKIY, SHILINSKI), (. 1927) - 1, 2045-2053, 2277

(ZHODEYKO, SCHODEJKO), (1826-1878/9) - 750, 753

(ZHUKOVSKIY, SHUKOWSKI), (1873-1944) - 1556-1571, 1573

(ZHURAVLYOV, SCHURAWLJOW), (1836-1901) - 1181-1185, 2230

( ZABELIN, SABELIN), (1935-2001) - 2133

(ZABOLOTSKIY, SABOLOTZKI), (1803-1866) - 396, 511

(ZAGONEK, SAGONEK), (1919-1994) - 2000, 2001

(ZAITSEV, SAJZEW), (. 1967) - 2340

(ZANKOVSKIY, SANKOWSKI), (1832-1919) - 840, 842, 843, 845

(ZAYANKO, SARJANKO), (1818-1870) - 531-542, 2204

(ZAUERWEID, SAUERWEID), (1783-1844) - 762, 763

- (ZAKHAROV-CHECHENETS, SACHAROW-TSCHETSCHENEZ), (1816-1846) - 509

(ZVERKOV, SWERKOW), (. 1921) - 2088-2091

(ZELENTSOV, SELENZOW), (1790-1845) - 432, 433, 437

(IVANOV, IWANOW), (1806-1858) - 543-555, 2203

(IVANOV, IWANOW), (1775-1848) - 458, 460

(IVANOV, IWANOW), (1818-1864) - 399

(IVANOV, IWANOW), (. 1924) - 2028-2033, 2280

(IVANOV, IWANOW), (1782 - 1810) - 459

(IVANOV, IWANOW), (1812-1848) - 398

(IVANOV, IWANOW), (1927-2000) - 2132

(IVANOV, IWANOW), (1864-1910) - 1383-1389

(IVLEVA, IWLEWA), (. 1973) - 2346

(IOGANSON, IOGANSON), (1893-1973) - 1907, 1920, 1924, 1925

(ISTOMIN, ISTOMIN), (1887-1942) - 1828

(ISUPOV, ISSUPOW), (1889-1957) - 1615, 1616

(KAZANTSEV, KAZANZEW), (1823-1874) - 1288

(KAMEZHENKOV, KAMESCHENKOW), (1760-1818/19) - 172

(KAMENEV, KAMENEW), (1823-1874) - 831

(KAMENEV, KAMENEW), (1833-1886) - 877-888

(KANDINSKY, KANDINSKIJ), (1866-1944) - 1700

(KAPKOV, KAPKOW), (1816-1854) - 496, 498, 608

(CARAVAQUE, CARAVAQUE), (1684-1754, 1716 1754) - 176, 183, 187

(KARAZIN, KARASIN), (1842-1908) - 819

(KAREV, KAREW), (1879-1942) - 1833

(KASATKIN, KASSATKIN), (1859-1930) - 1352, 1356, 1357, 1923

- (KELLER-VILIANDI, KOLER-VILIANDI), (1826-1899) - 733, 746

(KIVSHENKO, KIWSCHENKO), (1851-1895) - 662, 689, 805-807, 809, 1224

(KIPRENSKIY, KIPRENSKIJ), (1782-1836) - 284-300, 2206

(KIRILLOVA, KYRILLOWA), (. 1943) - 2143, 2145, 2147, 2278

(KISSELEV, KISSELJOW), (1838-1911) - 1281-1284

(KLEVER, KLEWER), (1850-1924) - 958-962

(KLODT, KLODT), (1832-1902) - 889-899

(KLODT, KLODT), (1835-1914) - 610, 611, 643, 646

(KOVALEVSKIY, KOWALEWSKI), (1843-1903) - 808, 810, 811, 813, 1228

(KOZLOV, KOSLOW), (1738?-1791) - 216

(KOLESNIKOV, KOLESNIKOW), (1878-1955) - 1591, 1592

(KOLESOV, KOLESSOW), (1834-1902) - 2215

(KONDRATENKO, KONDRATENKO),

(1854-1924) - 1286

(KONCHALOVSKIY, KONTSCHALOWSKI), (1876-1956) - 1674-1677, 1780-1784, 2270

- (KORZHEV, KORSCHEW), (. 1925) - 1951, 1971, 2014-2022

(KORZUKHIN, KORSUCHIN), (1835-1894) - 1175-1180, 1238, 1245

(KORIN, KORIN), (1865-1923) - 1331-1335, 1337, 2243

(KORIN, KORIN), (1892-1967) - 1805, 1841-1847, 1967

(KOROVIN, KOROWIN), (1861-1939) - 1416-1421, 1539-1544

(KOROVIN, KOROWIN), (1858-1908) - 1336

(KOTARBINSKIY, KOTARBINKSIJ), (1849-1921) - 720, 722, 723

(KOTOV, KOTOW), (1889-1953) - 1909

(KOTSEBU, KOZEBU), (1815-1889) - 764, 765

(KOSHELEV, KOSCHELEW), (1840-1918) - 701, 1216

(KRAMSKOY, KRAMSKOJ), (1837-1887) - 1027-1048, 1022, 2217, 2219, 2227, 2229, 2231, 2232, 2235, 2238-2240

(KRACHKOVSKIY, KRATSCHKOWSKI), (1854 -1914) - 1293

(KRENDOVSKIY, KRENDOWSKI), (1810 - 1854) - 426, 438

(KRIVONOGOV, KRIWONOGOW), (1911-1967) - 1946

(KROTOV, KROTOW), (. 1964) - 2322-2324

(KRYZHITSKIY, KRYSHIZKI), (1858-1911) - 1297-1302

(KRYLOV, KRYLOW), (1802-1831) - 424

(KRYMOV, KRYMOW), (1884-1958) - 1532-1536, 2266

(CRUGER, KRGER), (1797-1857, 1832, 1837, 1844, 1847, 1850, 1851) - 210

(KUGACH, KUGATSCH), (. 1972) - 2059

(KUGACH, KUGATSCH), (. 1939) - 2062

(KUGACH, KUGATSCH), ( 1917) - 2054-2058, 2060, 2061, 2063

(KUZNETSOV, KUSNETZOW), (. 1970) - 2383

(KUZNETSOV, KUSNETZOW), (1850 -1930) - 1127, 1358, 1359, 1364, 2241

(KUZNETSOV, KUSNETZOW), (1878-1968) - 1665, 1666

(KUINGI, KUINDSHI), (1842-1910) - 1003-1021

(KUKRYNIKSY, KUKRYNIKSY): (1903-1991), (1902-1991), (. 1903) - 1957, 1970

(KULIKOV, KULIKOW), (1875-1941) - 1611-1614, 1617, 2272

(KUPRIN, KUPRIN), (1880 -1960) - 1791-1793, 1796-1798

- (KURGUZOVA-MIROSHNIK, KURGUSOWA-MIROSCHNIK), (. 1973) - 2342

(KUSTODIEV, KUSTODIEW), (1878-1927) - 1438, 1473-1490, 1703-1711, 2253, 2268

(KUGELHEN, KGELCHEN), - (1772-1820, 1795 1804) - 190

(LABAS, LABAS), (1900-1983) - 1829, 1839

(LAVROV, LAWROW), (1820-1875) - 741, 742

(LAGORIO, LAGORIO), (1827-1905) - 814, 847-852

(LAGRENE, LAGRENEE), (1725-1805, 1760 1762) - 193

(LAKTIONOV, LAKTIONOW), (1820-1893) - 1889, 1963

(LAMPI, LAMPI), , (1751-1830, 1792 1797) - 201, 202

(LAMPI, LAMPI), , (1775-1837, 1795 1804) - 2199

(LANCERE, LANSERE), (1875-1946) - 1444, 1446, 1447

(LAPCHENKO, LAPTSCHENKO), (1801-1876) - 472

(LARIONOV, LARIONOW), (1881-1964) - 1696

(LEBEDEV, LEBEDEW), (1852-1916) - 660, 663, 1347-1349

(LEBEDEV, LEBEDEW), (1811-1837) - 375-380

(LEVITAN, LEWITAN), (1860-1900) - 1247-1270, 2249

(LEVITSKIY, LEWIZKI), (1735-1822) - 61, 112-141

(LEMAN, LEMAN), (1834-1901) - 734

(LEMOKH, LEMOCH), (1841-1910) - 1174, 1239

(LENTULOV, LENTULOW), (1882-1943) - 1678-1681, 1786, 1787, 2260

(LIPGART, LIPGART), (1847-1932) - 717, 1365

(LITOVCHENKO, LITOWTSCHENKO), (1835-1890) - 651, 652, 2236

(LOSENKO, LOSSENKO), (1737-1773) - 213, 217, 219-225

(LOMTEV, LOMTEW), (1816-1859) - 482, 484

(LOSHAKOV, LOSCHAKOW), (. 1936) - 2041, 2044

(LUCHISHKIN, LUTSCHISCHKIN), (. 1902) - 1834

(LUDERS, LDERS), (1710-1759, 1758 1759) - 191

(MAYOV, MAJOW), (1794-1873) - 527

(MAKAROV, MAKAROW), (1822-1897) - 512-524

(MAKOVSKIY, MAKOWSKI), (1869-1924) - 1367, 1368, 1370

(MAKOVSKIY, MAKOWSKI), (1846-1920) - 1159, 1199-1215, 1240,1241, 1244, 2242, 2244

(MAKOVSKIY, MAKOWSKI), (1839-1915) - 667-684, 2225

(MAKOVSKIY, MAKOWSKI), (1842-1886) - 841, 844, 846

( MAKSIMOV, MAXIMOW), (1844-1911) - 1160-1165, 1242

(MAKSUTOV, MAXUTOW), (1826-1886) - 799

(MALEVICH, MALEWITSCH), (1878-1935) - 1701

(MALYSHEV, MALYCHEW), (1852-1914) - 802

(MALYUTIN, MALJUTIN), (1859-1937) - 1719-1721, 1723, 2246, 2259

(MALYAVIN, MALJAWIN), (1869-1940) - 1645-1650

(MANIZER, MANISER), (1847-1925) - 820, 822

(MAROV, MAROW), (1802-1878) - 492-495, 497, 499, 507

(MARTYNOV, MARTYNOW), (1768-1826) - 342

(MATVEYEV, MATWEJEW), ( 1701 1704 - 1739) - 70-72

(MATVEYEV, MATWEJEW), (1758-1826) - 272-282

(MATORIN, MATORIN), (. 1970) - 2372, 2386

(MASHKOV, MASCHKOW), (1881-1944) - 1682-1684, 1785, 1788-1790

(MELIKHOV, MELICHOW), (1908-1985) - 1904

(MESHCHERSKIY, MESCHTSCHERSKIJ), (1834-1902) - 942-945

(MILORADOVICH, MILORADOWITSCH), (1851-1943) - 665, 665 (2)

(MIKHAILOV, MICHAJLOW), (1814-1867) - 435, 483

(MOISEYENKO, MOISSEJENKO), (1916-1988) - 1968, 2008-2013

(MOKRITSKIY, MOKRIZKIJ), (1810-1870) - 500, 501

(MOLLER, MOLLER), (1812-1874) - 485, 486, 508, 2209

(MOSNIER, MOSNIER), (1743(44?) - 1808, 1795 1808) - 199, 205

(MORAVOV, MORAWOW), (1878-1951) - 1927

(MORDVINOV, MORDWINOW), (1800-1858) - 451, 832

(MOROZOV, MOROSOW), (1835-1904) - 873, 1171, 1172

(MOROZOV, MOROSOW), (1902-1997) - 1838

(MOCHALSKIY, MOTSCHALSKIJ), (1908-1988) - 1903

(MYLNIKOV, MYLNIKOW), (. 1919) - 2003-2007

(MOSKVITIN, MOSKWITIN), (. 1972) - 2339

( MYASOYEDOV, MJASSOJEDOW), (1806 - 1852) - 504

( MYASOYEDOV, MJASSOJEDOW), (1834-1911) - 1189-1193

(NAZARENKO, NASARENKO), (. 1944) - 2139, 2141

(NALBANDYAN, NALBANDJAN), (1906-1993) - 1940, 1942, 1943

(NEVREV, NEWREW), (1830-1904) - 605-607, 609, 642, 649, 2234

(NEMENSKIY, NEMENSKIJ), (. 1922) - 1958, 1961, 1962, 2073-2076

(NEPRINTSEV, NEPRINZEW), (. 1909) - 1908, 1960

(NESTEROV, NESTEROW), (1862-1942) - 1390-1402, 1763-1770

(NESTEROVA, NESTEROWA), (. 1944) - 2135, 2140

(NEFF, NEFF), (1805-1876) - 490, 506, 510

(NIKITIN, NIKITIN), (1680- - 1742) - 62-67, 69

(NIKITIN, NIKITIN), (1680- - 1753) - 68

- (NIKICH, NIKITSCH), (. 1918) - 1944

(NIKONOV, NIKONOW), (. 1949) - 2160-2165

(NIKONOV, NIKONOW), (. 1930) - 2026

(NISSKIY, NISSKI), (1903-1987) - 1854-1858

(NOVOSKOLTSEV, NOWOSKOLZEW), (1853-1919) - 735, 751

(OVSYANIKOV, OWSJANIKOW), (. 1974) - 2332

(ORESHNIKOV, ORESCHNIKOW), (1904-1987) - 1913-1918

(ORLOV, ORLOW), (. 1935) - 2153-2159

(ORLOV, ORLOW), (1812-1863) - 503, 505, 529

(ORLOVSKIY, ORLOWSKIJ), (1777-1832) - 466, 2210

(ORLOVSKIY, ORLOWSKIJ), (1842-1914) - 946-951

(OSIPOV, OSSIPOW), (. 1928) - 2106, 2107, 2110

(OSMERKIN, OSMJORKIN), (1892-1953) - 1802, 1804, 2276

(OSSOVSKIY, OSSOVSKI), (. 1925) - 2034, 2035, 2037, 2038

(OSTROUKHOV, OSTROUCHOW), (1858-1929) - 1271-1273

(PAVLOV, PAWLOW), (1893-1942) - 1837

(PAVLOVA, PAWLOWA), ( 1974) - 2343, 2345

(PANTELEYEV, PANTELEJEW), (1932-1990) - 2040, 2042, 2043

(PASTERNAK, PASTERNAK), (1862-1945) - 1353, 1688

(PATERSEN, PATERSEN), (1748-1815, 1787 1815) - 200, 203

(PEREPLETCHIKOV, PEREPLJOTSCHIKOW), (1863-1918) - 1551, 1552, 1555

(PEROV, PEROW), (1863-1918) - 598, 621-639, 2226

(PETROV, PETROW), (1770(?)-1810) - 341

- (PETROV-VODKIN, PETROW-WODKIN), (1878-1939) - 1656-1659, 1702, 1712-1716, 2264

(PETROVICHEV, PETROWITSCHEW), (1874-1947) - 1585-1590

(PIMENOV, PIMENOW), (1903-1977) - 1821-1823, 1825, 1826

(PIMONENKO, PIMONENKO), (1862-1912) - 1220-1222

(PISEMSKIY, PISSEMSKIJ), (1859-1913) - 1290

(PLASTOV, PLASTOW), (1893-1972) - 1859-1877, 1950, 2272

(PLATONOV, PLATONOW), (1842-1907) - 1236

(PLAKHOV, PLACHOW), (1810-1881) - 439, 440, 443

(POLENOV, POLENOW), (1844-1927) - 1096-1113

(POLOTNOV, POLOTNOW), (. 1949) - 2118, 2123

(POPKOV, POPKOW), (1932-1974) - 2024, 2027

() (POPOV (MOSKOVSKIY), POPOW (MOSKOWSKIJ)), (1835 - 1889) - 875

(POPOV, POPOW), ( XIX .) - 829

(POPOV, POPOW), (1927-1999) - 1995-1998

(POPOV, POPOW), (. 1966) - 2287, 2288, 2386

(POSTNIKOV, POSTNIKOW), (1827-1880) - 686

(POKHITONOV, POCHITONOW), (1850-1923) - 1312-1314

(PRENNER, PRENNER), ( 1720 - 1766, 1750 1755) - 192

(PRYANISHNIKOV, PRJANISCHNIKOW), (1840-1894) - 661, 1166-1170

(PUKHIREV, PUKIREW), (1832-1890) - 600, 601, 604, 2214

(PURVIT, PURWIT), (1872-1945) - 1309

(PUCHINOV, PUTSCHINOW), (1716(20?)-1797) - 214, 215

(RAEV, RAJEW), (1808-1871) - 401, 403

(RACHKOV, RATSCHKOW), (1825-1895) - 1237

(REDKO, REDKO), (1897-1956) - 1760

(REPIN, REPIN), (1844-1930) - 1025, 1026, 1063-1095, 2220, 2221, 2233

(ROERICH, RERICH), (1874-1947) - 1506-1514

(RESHETNIKOV, RESCHETNIKOW), (1906-1988) - 1892, 1896, 1897, 1941

(RIZZONI, RICCONI), (1836-1902) - 730

(ROZHDESTVENSKIY, ROSHDESTWENSKI), (1884-1963) - 1690, 1799-1801, 1803

(ROKOTOV, ROKOTOW), (1735(?)-1808) - 99-111

(ROMADIN, ROMADIN), (. 1940) - 2136, 2137

(ROMADIN, ROMADIN), (1903 - 1987) - 1878-1884

(ROMANOVA, ROMANOWA), (. 1944) - 2142, 2144

(ROMAS, ROMAS), (1902-1969) - 1890, 1893, 1895

(ROSLIN, ROSLIN), (1718-1793, 1775 1777) - 204, 206

(ROTARI, ROTARI), (1707 - 1762, 1756 1762) - 196, 197

(ROUBAUD, ROUBAUD), (1856-1928) - 798, 803, 804

(RYZHENKO, RYSCHENKO), (. 1970) - 2367, 2369, 2370, 2373

(RYLOV, RYLOW), (1870-1939) - 1515-1522, 1733-1736

(RYABUSHKIN, RJABUSCHKIN), (1861-1904) - 1372-1382

(RYAZHSKIY, RJASCHSKIJ), (1895-1952) - 1922

( SAVINOV, SAWINOW), (1881-1942) - 1693

(SAVITSKIY, SAWIZKIJ), (1844-1905) - 1194-1197

(SAVITSKIY, SAWIZKIJ), (. 1922) - 1954

(SAVRASOV, SAWRASOW), (1830-1897) - 900.923

(SADOVNIKOV, SADOWNIKOW), (1800-1879) - 455

(SALAKHOV, SALACHOW), - (. 1928) - 2036, 2039

(SAMOKHVALOV, SAMOCHWALOW), (1894-1971) - 1831, 1832

(SAMSONOV, SAMSONOW), (. 1969) - 2320

(SAMSONOV, SAMSONOW), (. 1925) - 1947

(SAPUNOV, SAPUNOW), (1880-1912) - 1671, 1673

(SARIAN, SARJAN), (1880-1972) - 1667-1670

(SVEDOMSKIY, SWEDOMSKI), (1849-1904) - 718, 719, 721

(SVERCHKOV, SWERTSCHKOW), (1818-1898) - 1223, 1226

(SVETOSLAVSKIY, SWETOSLAWSKI), (1857-1931) - 1294, 1295

(SEDOV, SEDOW), (1836-1884) - 647

(SIEMIRADZKI, SIEMIRADZKI), (1843-1902) - 703-716

(SEREBRYAKOVA, SEREBRJAKOWA), (1884-1967) - 1491-1498, 2255

(SEREBRYANYI, SEREBRJANYJ), (1907-1979) - 1953

(SERGEYEV, SERGEJEW), (1855-1919) - 963-968

(SERGEYEV, SERGEJEW), (. 1961) - 2361-2366, 2368

(SEROV, SEROW), (1865-1911) - 1246, 1403-1415, 1468-1472, 2247, 2256

(SEROV, SEROW), (1910-1968) - 1932, 1933

(SIDOROV, SIDOROW), (. 1928) - 2096-2100

(SKOTTI, SKOTTI), (1814-1861) - 502, 526

(SLAVYANSKIY, SLAWJANSKIJ), (1819(17?)-1876) - 431, 445

(SLEPUSHKIN, SLEPUSCHKIN), (. 1967) - 2371, 2374

(SMIRNOV, SMIRNOW), (1858-1890) - 698, 700

(SMIRNOV, SMIRNOW), (. 1954) - 2152

(SMOLINS, SMOLIN), (1927-1994) (. 1930) - 2025

(SOKOLOV, SOKOLOW), (1829-1913) - 1369, 1371, 2250

(SOKOLOV, SOKOLOW), (1823-1918) - 619

(SOKOLOV, SOKOLOW), (1753-1791) - 232, 233, 235

- (SOKOLOV-SKALYA, SOKOLOW-SKALJA), (1899-1961) - 1816, 1817

(SOLOMATKIN, SOLOMATKIN), (1837-1883) - 613, 615-617

(SOLOMIN, SOLOMIN), (. 1940) - 2103-2105

(SOMOV, SOMOW), (1869-1939) - 1441-1443, 1445, 1449-1453, 2261

(SOROKA, SOROKA), (1823-1864) - 425, 427, 430, 442

(SOROKIN, SOROKIN), (1821-1892) - 447, 685

(SOROKIN, SOROKIN), (. 1922) - 2131

(STEKOLSHCHIKOV, STEKOLSCHTSHIKOW), (. 1967) - 2338

(STEKOLSHCHIKOV, STEKOLSCHTSHIKOW), (. 1938) - 2119, 2121

(STEPANOV, STEPANOW), (1858-1923) - 1320-1325

(STEPANOV, STEPANOW), (1854-1910) - 687

(STOZHAROV, STOSHAROW), (1926-1973) - 1990-1994

(STRAKHOV, STRACHOW), (. 1950) - 2120

(SUDEIKIN, SUDEJKIN), (1882-1946) - 1672

(SUDKOVSKIY, DUBOWSKOJ), (1850-1885) - 1296

(SURIKOV, SURIKOW), (1848-1916) - 1114-1129, 2223

(SUROVTSEV, SUROWZEW), (. 1931) - 2134

(SUKHODOLSKIY, SUCHODOLSKI), ( XVIII ) - 245, 246

(SUKHODOLSKIY, SUCHODOLSKI), (1835-1903) - 871, 872

(SYCHKOV, SYTSCHKOW), (1870-1958) - 1618, 1772, 1773, 2265

(TANKOV, TANKOW), (1740(41?)-1799) - 248

(TANNAUER, TANNAUER), (1680-1737(31?), 1711 ) - 177, 178, 180

(TELIN, TELIN), (. 1941) - 2125, 2126

(TEPLOV, TEPLOW), (1717-1779) - 240, 244

(TEREBENEV, TEREBENEW), (1795-1864) - 2196

(TERPSIKHOROV, TERPSICHOROW), (1890-1960) - 1921

(TIMASHEVSKIY, TIMASCHEWSKIJ), (1822-1866(67?)) - 528

(TIMM, TIMM), (1820-1895) - 801

(TIMOFEYEV, TIMOFEJEW), (1835 - 1914) - 1235

(TKACHOV, TKATSCHOW), (. 1925) - 1977-1989, 2279

(TKACHOV, TKATSCHOW), (. 1922) - 1977-1989, 2279

(TO, TOCQUE), (1696 - 1772, 1756 1758) - 198

(TOLSTOY, TOLSTOJ), (1783-1873) - 473, 475

(TORELLI, TORELLI), (1712 - 1780(84?), 1762 1780) - 195

(TROPININ, TROPININ), (1776-1857) - 283, 301-312, 2195

(TRUTOVSKIY, TRUTOWSKIJ), (1826-1893) - 1217, 1218

(TUPYLEV, TUPYLEW), (1758-1821) - 236

(TURZHANSKIY, TURSHANSKI), (1875-1945) - 1593-1597

(TUTUNOV, TUTUNOW), (. 1928) - 2093, 2094

(TUTUNOV, TUTUNOW), (1925-1999) - 2092

(TYRANOV, TYRANOW), (1808-1859) - 429, 450, 487-489, 530, 2208, 2213

(TURIN, TJURIN), (1824-1904) - 744, 745

(TUTRYUMOV, TJUTRJUMOW), (1821-1877) - 749

(UGAROV, UGAROW), (1922-1991) - 1956, 1999, 2002

(UGRYUMOV, UGRJUMOW), (1764-1823) - 234, 237-239

(ULYANOV, ULJANOW), (1875-1949) - 1966

(FALK, FALK), (1886-1958) - 1685, 1687, 1794, 1795

(FYODOROVA, FJODOROWA), (. 1952) - 2146

(FEDOSOV, FEDOSSOW), (1939-1992) - 2127, 2128

(FEDOOV, FEDOOW), (1815-1852) - 556-565, 2205

(FELITSYN, FELIZYN), (1830-1904) - 605-607, 609

(FESHIN, FESCHIN), (1881-1955) - 1691-1695

(FILIPPOV, FILIPPOW), (1830-1878) - 797

(FILONOV, FILONOW), (1883-1941) - 1698

(FIRSOV, FIRSOW), ( 1733 - 1785) - 251

(FLAVITSKIY, FLAWIZKIJ), (1830-1866) - 640, 696

(FRENZ, FRENZ), (1831-1918) - 1225

(KHARLAMOV, CHARLAMOW), (1840-1922(?)) - 754-758

(KHARLOV, CHARLOW), (. 1949) - 2111, 2112, 2114

(KHILKOVA, CHILKOWA), (1827 - 1876) - 444

(KHLEBOVSKIY, CHLEBOWSKIJ), (1835-1884) - 688

(KHRUTSKIY, CHRUZKIJ), (1810-1885) - 446, 449, 452-454, 456, 2211

(KHUDYAKOV, CHUDJAKOW), (1825-1871) - 1023

(CHEMESOV, TSCHEMESSOW), (1737-1765) - 2194

(CHEPTSOV, TSCHEPZOW), (1874-1950) - 1926

(CHERNETSOV, TSCHERNETZOW), (1802-1865) - 381-385

(CHERNETSOV, TSCHERNETZOW), (1805-1879) - 386-395

(CHERNYSHEV, TSCHERNYSCHEW), (1824-1863) - 1173

(CHERNYSHEV, TSCHERNYSCHEW), (1885-1973) - 1885-1888, 2267

(CHERNYSHEVA, TSCHERNYSCHEWA), (. 1935) - 2070-2072

(CHISTYAKOV, TSCHISTJAKOW), (1832-1919) - 641, 645

(CHORNYI, TSCHORNYJ), (. 1972) - 2282, 2283, 2298, 2300, 2302, 2303

(CHIKUNCHIKOV, TSCHIKUNTSCHIKOW), (. 1972) - 2382

(CHUIKOV, TSCHUJKOW), (1902 -1980) - 1898, 1899

(CHAGALL, CHAGALL), (1887-1985) - 1699

(SHANKOV, SCHANKOW), (. 1962) - 2286, 2289, 2304-2311, 2384, 2385

(SCHWARZ, SCHWARZ), (1838-1869) - 653-655, 657, 659

(SHEBUYEV, SCHEBUJEW), (1777-1855) - 461, 2201

(SHEVANDRONOVA, SCHEWANDRONOWA), (1928-1993) - 1974

(SHEVCHENKO, SCHEWTSCHENKO), (1882-1948) - 1776-1779

(SHERWOOD, SHERWOOD), (1832-1897) - 738-740

(SHIBANOV, SCHIBANOW), (? - 1789) - 165, 249, 250

(SHILDER, SCHILDER), (1861-1919) - 1549, 1550, 1553, 1554

(SHILDER, SCHILDER), (1828-1898) - 743, 1024

(SHISHKIN, SCHISCHKIN), (1832-1898) - 969-1002

(SHMARIN, SCHMARIN), (. 1967) - 2377-2381

(STEIN, STEIN), (. 1967) - 2285, 2293, 2294

(SHTERENBERG, STERNENBERG), (1881-1948) - 1774, 1775

(SHTYHNO, SCHTYCHNO), (. 1961) - 2290-2292, 2295, 2296

(SHURYGIN, SCHURYGIN), (1841-1873) - 620

(SHUSTOV, SCHUSTOW), (1835-1868) - 656

(SHUKHAEV, SCHUCHAJEW), (1887-1973) - 1651

(SHCHEDRIN, SCHTSCHEDRIN), (1745-1804) - 252-257, 2197

(SHCHEDRIN, SCHTSCHEDRIN), (1791-1830) - 340, 343-362, 2202

(SCHEDROVSKIY, SCHTSCHEDROWSKIJ), (1815-1870) - 428

(SHCHERBAKOV, SCHTSCHERBAKOW), (1916-1990) - 2077-2081

(SHCHERBAKOV, SCHTSCHERBAKOW), (. 1935) - 2129

(SHCHUKIN, SCHTSCHUKIN), (1762-1828) - 164, 166-168

(ERASSI, ERASSI), (1823-1898) - 824

(ERICSEN, ERIKSEN), (1722 - 1782, 1757 1772) - 194

(YUON, JUON), (1875-1958) - 1619-1629, 1737-1747, 1948, 2269

(YUSHANOV, JUSCHANOW), (1840 - 1866) - 614, 609

(YABLONSKAYA, JABLONSKAJA), (. 1917) - 1891, 1894

(YAKOBI, JAKOBI), (1836-1902) - 599, 664

(YAKOVLEV, JAKOWLEW), (1887-1938) - 1651, 1652, 1654, 2258

(YAKOVLEV, JAKOWLEW), (1890-1972) - 1824, 1827

(YAKOVLEV, JAKOWLEW), (1893-1953) - 1901, 1952

(YAKOVLEV, JAKOWLEW), (1819-1862) - 525

(YAROSHENKO, JAROSCHENKO), (1846-1898) - 1229-1234, 1243, 2218

(YASNOVSKIY, JASNOWSKI), (1833-1902) - 1287

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